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Bronchiectasia involves permanent changes resulting from bronchial wall injury by inflammatory changes.

In bronchiectasia, excessive bronchial dilation and deformation occur, obstructing proper elimination of secretion from the air-ways, consequently causing recurring infections, inflammatory processes and further injuries.

In patients with bronchiectasia, persistent cough is observed with expectoration of large sputum volumes, i.e., with full mouth. The largest volumes of sputum are expectorated in the morning, immediately after waking up.

In cases of purulent sputum, indicating bacterial infection, the doctor usually recommends antibiotic therapy.

In more severe cases, surgical intervention is possible.