[ print ]
Pulmonary emphysema is an excessive filling of pulmonary alveoli with air, causing loss of alveolar elasticity and wall ruptures.

In result, the number of alveoli is more and more reduced, while the sizes of remaining air vesicles are increased, causing gradual loss of lung elasticity, replaced by growing lung rigidity.

Pulmonary emphysema can be a sequel of chronic bronchitis. It can also develop in individuals exposed to excessive respiratory strain, e.g. musicians playing wind instruments, glassblowers, etc.

The first symptom of emphysema can be gradually increasing dyspnoea, especially on exertion.

The therapy involves administration of drugs moistening the respiratory tract and facilitating sputum expectoration.