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Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx (voicebox). It causes hoarse voice due to irritated vocal cords disorder often caused by viruses. The disease affects both adults and children. It is most common in late autumn and winter, but also in summer, when many people prefer cold drinks. It is often caused also by so-called „voice strain”. It is an occupational disease of singers, teachers, speakers.

The disease takes various forms depending on the patient’s age. If it has viral etiology, it is oten accompanied by additional symptoms such as hoarseness, dry cough, burning or itching sensations in the throat.

The most effective method of treatment is to reduce talking as much as possible. Also, whispering should be avoided.
The patient should absolutely abstain from smoking, alcohol and hot food, stay in well-ventilated rooms with the appropriate humidity level.

Treatment of laryngitis in adults includes local anaesthetic lozengers or antiseptics (also antiseptic mouthwashes) Enhanced frequency of fluid intake is also recommended, to moisture the irritated mucous lining of the throat.

The course of laryngitis is completely different in children, because the structure and function of the larynx differs considerably from that observed in adults, and its mucous membrane is very susceptible to edema and spasmodic conditions. Laryngitis in a child can be manifested by „hacking” cough and high temperature. Children between one and seven years of age are most at risk.